Criminal Justice (CRJU)

Social Sciences

CRJU C101 Introduction to Law Enforcement 3 crs.

This course is an introduction to the philosophical and historical background of law enforcement. The principles of organization and administration for functions and activities; planning and research; public relations; personnel and training; inspection and control; direction; and policy formation will be discussed.

CRJU C105 Introduction to Criminal Justice Systems 3 crs.

This course is intended to introduce the student to how the justice system works in America. It begins with a discussion of the underlying rationale for punishment of crime. Topics discussed include police, role of the attorney, bail, criminal trial, sentencing, corrections, and post-conviction remedies.

CRJU C110 Criminology: Fundamentals 3 crs.

This course is a survey of basic topics and problems related to the discipline, such as the nature of crime in America, criminal statistics, and selected criminological theories. It serves as an introduction to the systematic study of crime, criminals, criminal behavior, and the criminal justice system.

CRJU C120 Introduction to Homeland Security 3 crs.

The creation of the United States Department of Homeland Security (DHS) is the most significant transformation of the U.S. government since 1947 when Harry S. Truman merged the various branches of U.S. Armed Forces into the Department of Defense to better coordinate the nation's defence against military threats. DHS represents similar consolidation, both in style and substance in the aftermath of terrorist attacks against America on September 11, 2001. The organization and operation of DHS will be examined in detail in this course covering major topics related to homeland security including a history and organization of DHS, a review of key legislation, laws, and directives (e.g., NIPP, National Response Plan, HSPD 5 and 7), introduction to basic concepts of infrastructure protection, risk management, threat assessment and prioritization, jurisdiction and coordination between agencies (public and private agency interface, military and emergency agencies), issues in communication and technical areas such as interconnectivity and interoperability, hazard response teams, contingency of operations planning (COOP), Four D's (deter, devalue, detect and defend), buffer zone protection, basic threats of terror and counter-terrorism strategies, first responder training, protocols for investigation, public health, and emergency preparedness. Several on-line courses leading to self-certification produced by FEMA as part of its Emergency Management Institute (EMI) are used in the course (e.g., IS-800 National Response Plan (NRP)).

CRJU C205 Police Supervision 3 crs.

This course examines supervisory methods and problems within the law enforcement organization and the implication of principles of human relations to effective performance; policy and procedure; field supervision; instruction and planning; supervisory reporting; and performance evaluation.

CRJU C210 Police Administration 3 crs.

This course concerns individual and group studies in the dynamics of law enforcement and administration, policy formation and decision making in management from a human relations and organizational point of view, and electronic data processing in law enforcement.

CRJU C213 Police Community Relations 3 crs.

This course examines factors contributing to friction or cooperation between law enforcement personnel and the community, with emphasis on minority groups, political pressures, and cultural problems. Community organization and social responsibility of law enforcement also will be discussed.

CRJU C218 Criminal Procedure 3 crs.

This course is a study of the formal process whereby the government seeks to convict and punish a person for a criminal offense. Special emphasis will be placed on appellate review, the law of search and seizure, interrogations, confessions, the use of informers and entrapment, pretrial procedures, and various doctrines applying the fourteenth amendment.

CRJU C220 Recent Supreme Court Decisions 3 crs.

Students are exposed to an in-depth discussion and analysis of the most recent Supreme Court decisions in criminal cases. Issues of procedural and substantive law, right to counsel, criminal evidence, and constitutional law will be covered.

CRJU C250 Juvenile Delinquency 3 crs.

This course explores the nature and causes of juvenile crime and delinquency in America and other cultures. An in-depth analysis of crime measurement, causes, controls, and treatment are examined. Other topics include juvenile law, corrections, family therapy, gangs, schools, and the influence of the mass media on juvenile crime and delinquency.

CRJU C255 Juvenile Justice Process 3 crs.

This course is an examination of the major decisions made about juveniles from initial contact by the police through termination of legal control over their conduct. Constitutional limitations on the power of the juvenile justice process as a result of recent Supreme Court decisions, case law developments, and statutory changes will be reviewed.

CRJU C260 Statistics in Criminal Justice 3 crs.

This course examines descriptive, inferential and multivariate statistics employed in criminal justice research about the nature of crimes, criminals, and the criminal justice system. Statistical packages such as SPSS (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences) are employed in the course to aid students in the calculation and interpretation of key statistical techniques commonly employed in the field.

CRJU C270 Murder, Mayhem, and the Media 3 crs.

The course explores the relationship of the mass media to our perception of crime, criminals, and the criminal justice system. The mass media generate a "social construction of reality" that influences public opinion, public policies, and general social attitudes toward violence. While both the print and electronic media are examined as purveyors of social perceptions of criminals, victims, law enforcers, lawyers, judges, prisoners, and the like, emphasis in the course will be placed on the electronic and film media.

CRJU C275 Deviant Behavior 3 crs.

This course is a critical examination of the nature and extent of deviant behavior in complex, industrial societies. Particular attention will be given to the causes and consequences of deviant behavior and to the social relations and processes associated with the more common forms of deviant and criminal expression within American society.

CRJU C280 Domestic Violence 3 crs.

          Domestic Violence is a worldwide epidemic, presenting life threatening danger, predominantly to women, of all ages, races, ethnicities, religions,                           educational backgrounds, and socioeconomic statuses. In this course we will examine the dynamics of violent relationships, theories of domestic violence,           and reactions to domestic violence by the family, media, community and, more extensively, the criminal justice system. Although the course will be                   focused on intimate partner violence, special topics will also be covered including elder abuse, sexual assault, same sex partner violence, victimization in               minority and immigrant populations, stalking, and lethal intimate partner violence. We will also thoroughly discuss social and legal obstacles to safely                   exiting a violent relationship, resources in place for meeting the needs of domestic violence victims, and basic skills in providing victim services. This                     course is taught through a criminological perspective with specific focus on the role of the criminal justice system in responding to and preventing                       domestic violence.”

CRJU C285 Crisis Intervention 3 crs.

This course is a discussion and analysis of crisis intervention as a therapeutic tool in community mental health. Emphasis will be on suicide, telephone crisis lines, telephone counseling, and hostile interactions.

CRJU C300 Research Methods– Criminology 3 crs.

Research consists of all investigations, studies, or systematic efforts designed to increase our knowledge about events and their occurrence. The present course focuses on research in the fields of criminology and criminal justice and includes developing a theoretical explanation for why problems exist, collecting information that will verify or refute the explanation of problems, and then analyzing, presenting and interpreting this information. Specific techniques for data collection, analysis, and presentation will be covered in the course.

CRJU C310 Community Policing 3 crs.

The course examines community-oriented policing, which represents a significant departure from the traditional, centralized model of policing. Topics covered in the course include the growth of networking, online crime reporting, computer police report retrieval, crime mapping, the development of the COMPSTAT process, the development of intranets within police organizations, police web pages, e-commerce transactions, and the opening of doors to new levels of police-citizen communications.

CRJU C313 Criminal Evidence 3 crs.

The rules of evidence will be examined including examination of witnesses; impeachment; real, direct, and circumstantial evidence. Special emphasis will be given to relevancy, hearsay and its exceptions, privileges, presumptions and inferences, burden of proof, judicial notice, and the parole evidence rule.

CRJU C315 Probable Cause 3 crs.

Probable cause is defined as a requisite element of a valid search and seizure or arrest, consisting of the existence of facts and circumstances within one’s knowledge and of which one has reasonably trustworthy information, sufficient in themselves to warrant a person of reasonable caution to believe that a crime has been committed, is being committed, or will be committed. The course introduces students to the Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, and Fourteenth Amendments and how the legal system revolves around those particular amendments. Class discussion centers on searches and seizures, search/arrest warrants, detention and custody issues, juvenile issues, and more recent Supreme Court decisions that affect these issues.

CRJU C320 Violent Offenders 3 crs.

Content of the course focuses on the felonious violent offender in which physical injury is inflicted against one or more others, including, but not limited to criminal homicide, aggravated assault, forcible rape, armed robbery, or attempts to inflict other physical injuries. Typologies of violent offenders are reviewed examining such factors as motives, facilitation and situational aspects of the crime, selection of victims, criminal careers, group support for violent behavior, etc. Special types of violent offenders such as mass murderers, serial murderers, child murderers, domestic murderers, etc. are discussed in the class.

CRJU C330 Correctional Institutions 3 crs.

The course examines the theory and practice of correctional institutions and functions; the history of the prison as a total institution; types of correctional facilities; problems of rehabilitation in correctional institutions; crimes in prisons; adjusting to prison life; the inmate culture; and the future of correctional institutions. Attention is also devoted to high-tech innovations in prisons; proactive approaches for reducing crowding, controlling inmates, and managing stress; and what works in correctional treatment.

CRJU C331 Probation and Parole 3 crs.

This class will focus on probation and parole which is part of our criminal justice system. Most offenders entering the criminal justice system are not imprisoned and more than 90 percent of all imprisoned offenders are eventually released. Convicted offenders can be placed on probation/supervised release after completing their sentence or paroled to supervision in the community. Subject matter in the area of juvenile court and juvenile justice, the history of probation and the courts, sentencing and the presentence investigation, community based corrections, parole and the indeterminate sentence, rehabilitation; theory and practice, probation and parole officers, special problems and programs in probation and parole, intermediate punishments, and probation and parole in teh twenty-first century are just a few areas that will be explored during the course.

CRJU C335 Security and Crime Prevention 3 crs.

The course familiarizes students with the field of security and crime prevention helping them to understand the complexities of security in such diverse environments as manufacturing, commerce, finance, healthcare, o defense, government, etc. All of these environments have an inherent requirement for crime prevention, security, and assets protection. In particular, the field of private security is explored by analyzing both historical as well as contemporary materials and research. Private security is one of the fastest growing professions in the United States. Issues such as education, training, industry specific security guidelines, and the impact of security technology on the field are also addressed in the course.

CRJU C345 Seminar Constitutional Law 3 crs.

This seminar concerns basic constitutional law and in-depth analysis of Supreme Court decisions decided during recent terms of court with a special emphasis on trends in constitutional law and criminal procedure.

CRJU C355 Police Behavior 3 crs.

This course concerns history of the police; changing roles and public expectation of police officers; stress and the police; family life; and social behavior.

CRJU C365 Program Planning and Evaluation in Criminal Justice 3 crs.

Evaluation research is an applied branch of the field of social science intended to supply scientifically valid information with which to guide programs and policies currently used in the criminal justice system (law enforcement, courts, and corrections) in the United States. Billions of dollars have been poured into local, state, and federal criminal justice programs to prevent and control crime and to process and manage offenders. The present course will familiarize students with the literature on criminal justice evaluation as well as teach them key techniques to measure the effects of a program or policy against the goals it set out to accomplish. This allows a policy maker to engage in subsequent decision-making about the program or policy and make improvements and adjustments for future programs.

CRJU C375 Organized Crime 3 crs.

This course covers the nature of organized crime; its history in America; the forms it takes; theories explaining emergence, development, and persistence; and the unique problems law enforcement personnel encounter in trying to bring organized criminals to justice. Definitions that capture the nature of organized crime as a unique type of criminal activity are discussed as well as new variations of organized crime such as the Russian Mafia.

CRJU C378 Cybercrime, Technology, and Social Change 3crs.

         The purpose of this course is to teach you about crime, victimization, and criminality associated with the emerging technologies that mediate our social                relationships. The course also addresses the massive legal and societal changes as a result of the increased adoption of technologies by society.The course            begins with an overview of the computer and digital technology as it relates to the critical infrastructure of the US and the global economy as well as it’s              impact on our notions of privacy- legal and otherwise. From there we look at cyber specific forms of individual and group victimization, the types of                      individual offenders, and some of the ‘tools of the trade’. Students will learn to understand the global threat as a result of increased levels of cybercrime.              Lastly, we look closely at a particular result of globalization called the “surveillance society”; moreover, we will situate that phenomenon in its proper                  historical and political contexts. We will assess different arguments about what the increased use of surveillance technology to acquire data about                        individuals and groups in the private and public sectors and what it means regarding our notions of privacy and other civil rights. Along with that we will              assess whether or not the government needs to do something simple or dramatic to respond to the, sometimes disturbing, trends.

CRJU C380 Ethics and Politics of Criminal Justice 3crs.

This course will provide students with an overview of ethics and ethical dilemmas that criminal justice practitioners will often times face in the course of their profession. Review of any major daily metropolitan newspaper will usually produce at least one current article involving a matter of ethics and the criminal justice system. The subjects of these articles include police officers, assistant district attorneys, judges, correctional officers, and others who are involved in the system i.e., docket clerks, probation officers, and administrative personnel. While it is the failed ethical challenges that are most often publicized, there are ethical dilemmas and challenges faced by criminal justice practitioners every day. This course will present participants with the underlying rationale to understand these situations when they are encountered and the knowledge needed to properly resolve the issue. The course will utilize historical perspective of ethics to understand how current day ethics have evolved. The writings of Aristotle, Bentham and John Stuart Mill among others will be used as a precursor to the concepts of applied ethics in the present world of criminal justice. The course will review ethical challenges from both a historical and contemporary perspective, reviewing how the challenges were originally handled and if the same outcomes would occur today.

CRJU C401 Seminar in International Risk Analysis 3crs.

         Social, political, and economic globalization sets the stage for this course. Increasingly, a firms success or failure is integrally related to factors in different            countries, states, and jurisdiction. “Just In Time” logistics and the variances associated with political, economic, and social risks have a direct impact on                both domestic and international firms. The purpose of this course is to provide students with a hands-on experience in conducting the kind of international          risk analysis that is increasingly demanded by both firms in the private sector and traditional risk analysis conducted by federal level and, increasingly, local          level law enforcement and intelligence agencies. This course is primarily a research/writing course that culminates in an original paper where students will          be required to analyze the risks associated with a country of their choosing. There will formal lectures; however, the instructor will serve as the student’s            individual mentor as they develop and present their paper.Previous expertise in economics, finance or political economy is not a pre-requisite; the course is          designed to expose students to the necessary conceptual and theoretical concepts that frame this kind of analysis. The course will be interactive and                    involve intense student sharing and participation – including student led discussions.

CRJU C385 Seminar in Advanced Criminology 3 crs.

Selected topics will concern criminology examined in depth through assigned readings and classroom discussion.

CRJU C405 Criminal Law 3 crs.

This course examines sources of criminal law; theories of punishment, corpus delicti, and basic elements of crime; specific offenses, principles of liability to punishment, and specific defense to criminal behavior.

CRJU C420 Serial Murder: Myths vs. Realities 3 crs.

The purpose of this course is to familiarize students with the field of serial murder. Despite an almost mythical interest in the phenomenon, relatively few scientific studies have been undertaken on the prevalence, etiology, investigation, and understanding of the crime. Biological, psychological, and sociological explanations of serial murder are examined in the course as well as key investigative techniques including psychological and geographical profiling.

CRJU C425 Seminar on Major Works in Criminology 3crs.

         The goal of this class is to provide a framework for discussing the big ideas and concepts of criminology through a thoughtful analysis of the major                        philosophical and academic works in the inter-related fields of criminal justice and criminology. The purpose of the class is to engage students critically and          analytically by reading, understanding, and evaluating the original works themselves; studuents will learn to appreciate the social and political and                      theoretical contexts that ‘situate’ the big ideas’ that have helped shape societies’ understanding of what crime is, the causes of crime, response to crime,            and punishment of crime. Even more specifically, we will look at the impact of scholarly works on the fields of courts, policing, and corrections. This course          is taught in a classical seminar approach and will be discussion rather than lecture oriented.”


CRJU C430 Legal Research and Writing 3 crs.

The art of legal writing is a skill critical to lawyers and those working in the criminal justice field. This course bridges the gap between essay style writing taught to undergraduates and the more technical writing of lawyers and other criminal justice professionals. The course also introduces students to the fundamentals of legal research and writing to develop the skills necessary to prepare a legal memorandum and other technical tasks in the criminal justice professions. After successful completion of this course, the student should be prepared to perform law clerk or paralegal duties such as legal research and writing; quantum studies to determine the value of a civil cause of action; and general legal assistance duties.
Prerequisite: COMP C119 or equivalent.